Bridging Education Abroad and Domestic Multicultural Relations with Intercultural Learning


  • Milton Bennett IDR Institute
  • Keshia Abraham The Abraham Consulting Agency
  • Omolabake Fakunle University of Edinburgh
  • Julie Ficarra Cornell University
  • Amy Henry Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Marissa Lombardi The Forum on Education Abroad
  • Quentin Redcliffe CIEE
  • Melissa Torres The Forum on Education Abroad
  • Barry Van Driel International Association for Intercultural Education



Diversity, education abroad, intercultural learning, social justice


This white paper is a conceptual summary of a think tank discussion sponsored by The Forum on Education Abroad. Following the traditional use of “white paper” as a call to action in specific contexts, this paper defines the contexts of programming for education abroad and for domestic diversity education and argues for an incorporation of their differing perspectives into the general category of intercultural learning. The result of the application would be that intercultural learning in education abroad would continue to expand its current emphasis on the developmental experience of contemporary global cultures to include more transformational experience of historical and political context, while domestic diversity education would expand its current focus on transformational experience of historically situated power inequities to include more developmental experience of contemporary domestic multicultural relations. Several illustrations of practical application of the ideas follow the call to action.


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Author Biographies

Milton Bennett, IDR Institute

Milton Bennett is the executive director of the Intercultural Development Research Institute (Oregon, USA and Milan, Italy).

Keshia Abraham, The Abraham Consulting Agency

Keshia Abraham is the principal of Abraham Consulting Agency (Miami, FL, USA).

Omolabake Fakunle, University of Edinburgh

Omolabake Fakunle is Chancellor's Fellow and Director, Equality, Diversity, The University of Edinburgh, Moray House School of Education and Sport (Scotland, UK).

Julie Ficarra, Cornell University

Julie Ficarra is Associate Professor of the Practice at the Department of Global Development at Cornell University (Syracuse, NY, USA).

Amy Henry, Georgia Institute of Technology

Amy Henry is Executive Director of International Education at Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA, USA)

Marissa Lombardi, The Forum on Education Abroad

Marissa Lombardi is Executive Director of Training, Programs and Services at The Forum on Education Abroad (Carlisle, PA, USA).

Quentin Redcliffe, CIEE

Quinton Redcliffe is Director, Diversion and Inclusion at CIEE on International Educational Exchange (Cape Town, South Africa).

Melissa Torres, The Forum on Education Abroad

Melissa Torres is President and CEO of The Forum on Education Abroad (Carlisle, PA, USA).

Barry Van Driel, International Association for Intercultural Education

Barry Van Driel is President of the International Association for Intercultural Education (The Hague, Netherlands)


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How to Cite

Bennett, M., Abraham, K., Fakunle, O. ., Ficarra, J., Henry, A., Lombardi, M., Redcliffe, Q., Torres, M., & Van Driel, B. (2024). Bridging Education Abroad and Domestic Multicultural Relations with Intercultural Learning. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 36(1), 688–708.