Student Motivation to Study Abroad and Their Intercultural Development
Keywords:Study abroad, Education abroad, measurement instrument, Intercultural competence
This study is a first step in examining the link between motivation and the various elements of study programs; clearly more work must be done. Given the results of this study, it appears that motivation to study abroad is an important dimension to consider in future research efforts. As the tools for measuring the impact of a study abroad program are further developed and refined, we believe that we will gain greater insight into what program characteristics will attract students and what program features will optimize the gains that students realize from the experience.
AACSB International Eligibility Procedures and Accreditation Standards for Business Accreditation (2012) Retrieved August 2012, http://www.aacsb.edu/accreditation/standards-busn-jan2012.pdf
Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (2007) Eligibility Procedures and Accreditation Standards for Business Accreditation, pgs. 12 & 74, http://www.aacsb.edu/accreditation/process/documents/AACSB_STANDARDS_Revised_Jan07_Annotated.pdf
Anderson, P.H. & Lawton, L. (2012). Intercultural Development: Study Abroad vs. On-campus Study. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 21, 86-108.
Anderson, P.H., Lawton, L., Rexeisen, R.J., and Hubbard, A.C., (2006) Short-Term Study Abroad and Intercultural Sensitivity: A Pilot Study, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30 (4), 457- 469.
Bennett, J.M. (2011). Developing Intercultural Competence for International Education Faculty and Staff. 2011 AIEA Conference. Retrieved April 13, 2015 from http://www.intercultural.org/documents/competence_handouts.pdf
Bennett, M.J. (2010). A short conceptual history of intercultural learning in study abroad. In W.W. Hoffa & S.C. DePaul (Eds.), A history of U.S. study abroad: 1965-present (pp. 419-449). Lancaster, PA: Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad
Braskamp, L.A., Braskamp, D. C. & Engberg, M.E. (2013). Global Perspective Inventory: Its Purpose, Construction, Potential Uses, and Psychometric Characteristics. Retrieved from https://gpi.central.edu/supportDocs/manual.pdf
Braskamp, L.A., Braskamp, D. C. Merrill, K. C. & M. Engberg (2010). Global Perspective Inventory. Retrieved September 1, 2010 , from https://gpi.central.edu/supportDocs/manual.pdf
Braskamp, L.A., Braskamp, D.C., & Merrill, K.C. (2009). Assessing progress in intercultural learning and development of students with education abroad experiences. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 18, 101-118.
Braskamp, L.A., Braskamp, D.C., & Merrill, K.C. (2008). Global Perspectives Inventory (GPI): Its purpose, construction, potential uses, and psychometric characteristics. Retrieved January 12, 2010 from http://gpi.central.edu/supportDocs/manual.pdf.
Engle, L. and Engle, J. (2004). Assessing Language Acquisition and Intercultural Sensitivity Development in Relation to Study Abroad Program Design. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 10, 219-236.
Earnest, G. W. (2003). Study abroad: A powerful new approach for developing leadership capacities. Journal of Leadership Education, 2, 2-14.
Franklin, K. (2010). Long-term career impact and professional applicability of the study abroad experience. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XIX, 169-90.
Gillespie, J. (2002). Colleges Need Better Ways to Assess Study abroad Programs. The Chronicle of Higher Education. July 5, 2002.
Greenholtz, J. (2000). Assessing cross-cultural competence in transnational education: The Intercultural Development Inventory. Higher Education in Europe, 25(3), 411-416.
Hammer, M.R. and Bennett, M.J. (2002). The Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) Manual. Portland, OR: Intercultural Communication Institute.
Hammer, M. R., Bennett, M. J., & Wiseman, R. (2003). Measuring intercultural sensitivity: The intercultural development inventory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 421-443.
Higher Learning Commission (2012) Overview of accreditation, standards, 4c, p6. (http://www.ncahlc.org/Information-for-Institutions/criteria-for-accreditation.html)
Higher Learning Commission (2007), Overview of Accreditation, Standards, 4c, p. 6, http://www.ncahlc.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=33&Itemid=236
Hoffa, W.W., (2007). A history of U.S. study abroad: Beginning to 1965. A Special Publication of Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad and the Forum on Education Abroad
Hoffa, W.W. & DePaul, S.C. (Eds.) (2010), A history of U.S. study abroad: 1965-present. A Special Publication of Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad and the Forum on Education Abroad
Institute of International Education. (2014). "Duration of U.S. Study Abroad, 2000/01-2012/13." Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from http://www.iie.org/opendoors
The Institute for International Education (2012). Open Doors Report. Retrieved from www.iie.org/opendoors.
The Institute for International Education (2013). Open Doors Report. Retrieved from www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors/Data/US-Study-Abroad
Internationalization of US Higher Education, American Council on Education Report (2000). Preliminary Status Report 2000. Retrieved from http://www.nyu.edu/classes/jepsen/internationalreport2000.pdf
Kelly, G. (1963). A Theory of Personality. New York: Norton.
Landis D. and Bhagat, R.S. (1996). Handbook of Intercultural Training (2nd ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA. Sage.
Lincoln Commission’s (2005). Report on Global Competence and National Needs: One Million Students Studying Abroad. http://www.nafsa.org/_/Document/_/lincoln_commission_report.pdf
Medina-López-Portillo, A. (2004). Intercultural Learning Assessment: The Link between Program Duration and the Development of Intercultural Sensitivity. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 10,179-199.
Paige, R. M., Cohen, A. D. and Shively, R. L. (2004). Assessing the impact of a strategies-based curriculum on language and culture learning abroad, Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 10,253-276.
Paige, R.M. and Vande Berg, M. (2012) Why students are and are not learning abroad. In M. Vande Berg, R.M. Paige, and K.H. Lou (Eds), Student Learning Abroad: What our students are learning, what they’re not, and what we can do about it. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, LLC.
Patterson, P. (2006) Effect of Study Abroad in Intercultural Sensitivity, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. (University of Missouri, Columbia, MO).
Rexeisen, R.J. and Al-Khatib, J.A. (2009) Assurance of learning and study abroad: A case study. Journal of Teaching in International Business, 20(3), 192-207. Doi 10.1080/08975930903099077
Rexeisen, R.J. (2012-2013) Study abroad and the Boomerang Effect: The end is only the beginning. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 22l, 179-199.
Rexeisen, R. Anderson, P. Lawton, L. and Hubbard, A. (Fall, 2008) Study Abroad and Intercultural Development: A Longitudinal Study. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 17, 1-20.
Roy, P., Wandschneider, E., and Steglitz, I., (2014) Assessing Education Abroad Outcomes: A Review of Three Instruments. Downloaded on 31 March 2015 from http://studyabroad.isp.msu.edu/research/documents/assessing_ed_abroad_outcomes.pdf
Stebelton, M., Soria, K. and Cherney, B. (2012-2013) The High Impact of Education Abroad: College Students’ Engagement in International Experiences and the Development of Intercultural Competencies. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 22, 1-24.
Stroud, A., (2010) Who Plans (Not) to Study Abroad? An Examination of U.S. Student Intent. Journal of Studies in International Education, 14 (5), 491-507.
Vande Berg, M. (2001). The assessment of learning outcomes in study abroad. International Educator, 10 (2), 31.
Vande Berg, M., Connor-Linton, J., and Paige, R.M. (2009) The Georgetown Consortium Project: Interventions for Students Living Abroad. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 18, 1-75.