Study Abroad and Intercultural Development: A Longitudinal Study
Keywords:Intercultural Development Inventory, Study abroad, Education abroad, Evaluation
When evaluating the effectiveness of study abroad programs, students overwhelmingly report that they continue to develop their self-confidence and world view as a result of their study abroad experience once they return home. This article presents a study that uses the intercultural development inventory (IDI) to address whether or not students' cultural learning continued to improve four months after returning from their study abroad experience.
Anderson, P, L. Lawton, R.J. Rexeisen and A. Hubbard, (2006) “Short-Term Study Abroad and Intercultural Sensitivity: A Pilot Study” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 30 (4), 457–469.
Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (2007) Eligibility Procedures and Accreditation Standards for Business Accreditation, pgs. 12 & 74, http://www.aacsb.edu/accreditation/process/documents/AACSB_STANDARDS_Revised_Jan07_Annotated.pdf
Bennett, M.J. (1986). Toward Ethnorelativism: A Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity. In R.M. Paige (Ed.) Cross-cultural Orientation: New Conceptualizations and Applications. 21–70. New York, University Press of America.
Bennett, M.J. (1993). Toward Ethnorelativism: A Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity. In R.M. Paige (Ed.) Education for the Intercultural Experience. 21–71. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.
Bennett, J.M., Bennett, M.J., and Allen, W. (1999). Developing Intercultural Competence i n the Language Classroom. In R.M. Paige, D. Lange, and Y.A. Yershova (Eds.), Culture as the Core: Integrating Culture Into the Language Classroom, 13-46, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Bhawuk, D. and Brislin, R. (1992). The Measurement of Intercultural Sensitivity Using the Concepts of Individualism and Collectivism. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 16 (4), 413–436.
Corbitt, J.N. (1998). Global Awareness Profile. (Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press).
Davis, S. and Finney, S. (2006). A Factor analytic study of the cross-cultural adaptability i nventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(2), 318–330.
DeDee, L. & Stewart, S. (2003). The effect of student participation i n i nternational study. Journal of Professional Nursing, 19(4), 237-42.
Engle, L. and Engle, J. (2004). Assessing Language Acquisition and Intercultural Sensitivity Development i n Relation to Study Abroad Program Design. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, Volume X, Fall, 219–236.
Earnest, G. W. (2003). Study abroad: A powerful new approach for developing leadership capacities. Journal of Leadership Education, 2, 2–14.
Greenholtz, J. (2000). Assessing cross-cultural competence i n transnational education: The Intercultural Development Inventory. Higher Education in Europe, 25(3), 411–416.
Hammer, M.R. and Bennett, M.J. (2002). The Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) Manual. Portland, OR: Intercultural Communication Institute.
Hammer, M. R., Bennett, M. J., & Wiseman, R. (2003). Measuring i ntercultural sensitivity: The i ntercultural development i nventory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 421–443.
IES, Institute for Education of Students, (2002) Longitudinal Alumni Survey.
Institute of International Education. (2006). Open Doors 2006: Report on International Educational Exchange. New York, NY: IIE. http://opendoors.ii enetwork.org/file_depot/0-10000000/010000/3390/folder/50084/Open+Doors+2006_FastFacts_FINAL.pdf
Kelley, C., & Meyers, J. (1995). CCAI Cross Cultural Adaptability Inventory Manual. Minneapolis, MN: National Computer Systems, Inc.
Klak, T. and Martin, P. (2003). Do University-sponsored International Cultural Events Help Students to Appreciate Difference? International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 27, 445–465.
Landis D. and Bhagat, R.S. (1996). Handbook of Intercultural Training (2nd Ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA. Sage.
Lincoln Commission’s (2005). Report on Global Competence and National Needs: One Million Students Studying Abroad. http://www.nafsa.org/_/Document/_/lincoln_commission_report.pdf
Medina-López-Portillo, A. (2004). Intercultural Learning Assessment: The Link between Program Duration and the Development of Intercultural Sensitivity. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, Volume X, Fall, 179–199.
Paige, R. M. (2004). Instrumentation i n i ntercultural training. In D. Landis, J. M. Bennett, & M. J. Bennett (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (3rd ed., pp. 85–128). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Paige, R.M., (1993). On the Nature of Intercultural Experiences. In R.M. Paige (Ed.), Education for the Intercultural Experience. Pp. 1–19. Yarmouth, ME: International Press.
Paige, R. M., Cohen, A. D. and Shively, R. L. (2004). Assessing the i mpact of a strategies-based curriculum on language and culture learning abroad, Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, Volume X, Fall, 253–276.
Paige, R.M., Jacobs-Cassuto, M., Yershova, Y. and DeJaeghere (2003) Assessing Intercultural Sensitivity: An Empirical Analysis of the Hammer and Bennett Intercultural Development Inventory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27 (4), 467–486.
Patterson, P. (2006) Effect of Study Abroad in Intercultural Sensitivity, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.
Pruegger, V.J. and Rogers, T.B. (1994). Cross-cultural Sensitivity Training: Methods and Assessment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. 18 (3), 369–387.
Rexeisen, Richard J., & Roffler, Tara (2005). “A Longitudinal Study of the Impact of Study Abroad Experiences on Attitudes Towards the Environment.” International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 2 (1), 1–8.
Savicki, V., Downing-Burnettea, R., Hellerb, L., Binderb, F. & Suntingerb, W. (2004). Contrasts, changes, and correlates i n actual and potential intercultural adjustment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 28, 311–329.
Shealy, C. N. (2005). Justifying the Justification Hypothesis: Scientific Humanism, Equilintegration (EI) Theory, and the Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory (BEVI). [Special Series]. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61 (1), 81–106.
Shimp, T. A. and Sharma, S. (1987). Consumer ethnocentrism: construction and validation of the CETSCALE. Journal of Marketing Research, 24, August, 280–289.
The Higher Learning Commission (2007), Overview of Accreditation, Standards, 4c, p. 6, http://www.ncahlc.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=cat_view&gid=33&Itemid=236
Van Hoof, H., & Verbeeten, M. (2005). Wine is for drinking, water is for washing: Student opinions about international exchange programs. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9(1), 42–61.
Vande Berg, M. (2001). The assessment of learning outcomes in study abroad. International Educator, 10 (2) 31.