Predictors of Preference for the Exported Campus Model of Study Abroad
There is considerable debate in the study abroad community about the efficacy of exported campus or “island” programs in which students and faculty are transported from their home campus to a largely self-contained community within the host culture. One uninvestigated aspect of this issue is the degree to which there are pre-existing differences between students who prefer such programs and those attracted to more immersive experiences. This study used discriminant analysis of data from a questionnaire administered to 174 undergraduates to identify demographic, personality, and intercultural predictors of preference for the exported campus model. Results showed that those who preferred the exported campus model scored significantly higher on ethnocentrism and lower on measures of language learning interest, motivational and metacognitive cultural intelligence, and the Five Factor Model adventurousness facet. Discussion focuses on implications for advising potential study abroad students, conducting pre-departure training, and developing in-country programming.
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