Relationship of Foreign Language Proficiency to Study Abroad Outcomes and Inputs

  • Victor Savicki
Keywords: Study abroad, Education abroad, Language proficiency, Intercultural competence

Abstract

Even though we might expect foreign language proficiency to have an effect on intercultural competence and other study abroad outcomes, the research findings are uncertain. Part of the inconsistency between expectation and research findings with regard to the impact of language proficiency may lie in the different methodologies of language proficiency assessment. The current study seeks to address two related issues. The first is to examine the relationship between three different measures of language proficiency. The second is to discover the relationship between these measures and study abroad outcomes and inputs. Different measures of language proficiency may be useful for different purposes, and the potential predictive connection to outcomes and inputs may be instructive in designing and implementing study abroad programs. 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Victor Savicki

Vic Savicki is Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, at Western Oregon University. His recent research has focused on stress, coping and adjustment in cross-cultural settings. He has participated in a variety of study abroad programs both as an instructor and a researcher. 

References

Bacon, S. M. (2002). Learning the rules: Language development and cultural adjustment during study abroad. Foreign Language Annals, 35, 637-646.

Bennett, J. M. (2008). On becoming a global soul: A path to engagement on study abroad. In V. Savicki, (Ed). Developing Intercultural Competence and Transformation: Theory, Research, and Application in International Education. Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Bennett, M.J. (1993). Towards ethnorelativism: A developmental model of intercultural sensitivity. In M. Paige (Ed.), Education for the intercultural experience (21-71). Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press, Inc.

Deardorff, D.K. (2008). Intercultural competence: A definition, model, and implications for education. In V. Savicki, (Ed.). Developing Intercultural Competence and Transformation: Theory, Research, and Application in International Education (pp. 32-51). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Derogatis, L.R. & Melisaratos, N. (1983). The brief symptom inventory: An introductory report. Psychological Medicine, 13, 595-605.

Diener, E., Emmons, R.A., Larsen, R.J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.

Educational Testing Service (ETS). (1999). Test of English as a Foreign Language. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

Engle, L. & Engle, J. (2004). Assessing language acquisition and intercultural sensitivity development in relation to study abroad program design. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, X, 219-236.

Ferguson, E., Matthews, F., & Cox, T. (1999). The appraisal of life events (ALE) scale: Reliability and validity. British Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 97-116.

Fossum, T.A., Weyant, S.A., ETter, L., Feldman Barrett, L. (1998, May). A short and simple alternative to long personality questionnaires. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Washington, DC.

Hoff, J.G. (2008). Growth and transformation outcomes in international education. In V. Savicki, (Ed.). Developing Intercultural Competence and Transformation: Theory, Research, and Application in International Education (pp. 53-73). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Hoff, J.G. & Paige, R.M. (2008). A strategies-based approach to culture and language learning in education abroad programming. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XVII, 89-105.

Kohls, R.L. (1998). The Survival Kit for Overseas Living. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.

La Brack, B. (2004). What’s up with culture? Online cultural training resource for study abroad. Retrieved at http://www2.pacific.edu/sis/culture/ March 6, 2011.

Laroche, M., Pons, F., & Richard, M. (2009). The role of language in ethnic identity measurement: A multitrait-multimethod approach to construct validation. The Journal of Social Psychology, 149, 513-539.

Laubscher, M.R. (1994). Encounters with difference: Student perceptions of the role of out-of-class experience in education abroad. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Lazarus, R.S. (1999). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. NY: Springer Publishing.

Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.

Lazarus, R.S. & Smith, C. (1988). Knowledge and appraisal in the cognition-emotion relationships. Cognition and Emotion, 2, 281-300.

Marcia, J. (1980). Identity in adolescence. In J. Addison (ed.). Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 159-187). NY: Wiley.

Matsumoto, D., Leroux, J.A., Ratzlaff, C., Tatani, H., Uchida, H., Kim, C., & Araki, S. (2001). Development and validation of a measure of intercultural adjustment potential in Japanese sojourners: The Intercultural Adjustment Potential Scale (ICAPS). International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 1-28.

Medina-Lopez Portillo, A. (2004). Intercultural learning assessment: The link between program duration and the development of intercultural sensitivity. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, X, 179-199.

Meyer-Lee, E. & Evans, J. (2008, May). New tools for intercultural outcomes learning assessment in D. Deardorff (Chair) Assessment toolbox for international educators. Symposium presented at the NAFSA Annual Conference, Washington DC.

Norris, E.M. & Steinberg, M. (2008). Does language matter? The impact of language of instructing on study abroad outcomes. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XVII, 107-131.

Paige, R.M., Jorstad, H.L., Siaya, L., Klein, F., & Colby, J. (2003). Culture learning in language education: A review of the literature. In D. L. Language & R. M. Paige (Eds.) Culture as the Core: Perspectives on Culture in Second Language Learning (pp. 173-236). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Phinney, J.S. (1992). The Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure: A new scale for use with adolescents and young adults from diverse groups. Journal of Adolescent Research, 7, 156-176.

Phinney, J.S. & Devich-Navarro, M. (1997). Variations in bicultural identification among African American and Mexican American adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 7, 3-32.

Savicki, V. (2010a). Implications of early sociocultural adaptation for study abroad students. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad XIX, 205-223.

Savicki, V. (2010b). An analysis of the contact types of study abroad students: The peer cohort, the host culture, and the electronic presence of the home culture in relationship to readiness and outcomes. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XIX, 61-86.

Savicki, V., Binder, F., & Arrúe, C. (in press). Language fluency and study abroad adaptation. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad.

Savicki, V. & Cooley, E. (2011). American identity in study abroad students: contrasts and changes. Journal of College Student Development, 52, 339-349.

Savicki, V., Cooley, E., & Donnelly, R. (2008). Acculturative stress, appraisal, coping and intercultural adjustment. In V. Savicki, (Ed.). Developing Intercultural Competence and Transformation: Theory, Research, and Application in International Education (pp. 173-192). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Savicki, V., Downing-Burnette, R., Heller, L., Binder, F., & Suntinger, W. (2004). Contrasts, changes, and correlates in actual and potential intercultural adjustment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 28, 311-329.

Selby, R. (2008). Designing transformation in international education. In V. Savicki, (Ed.). Developing Intercultural Competence and Transformation: Theory, Research, and Application in International Education (pp. 1-10). Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing.

Wagner, E. (2008). Video listening tests: What are they measuring? Language Assessment Quarterly, 5, 218-243.

Ward, C. (2001). The A, B, Cs of acculturation. In D. Matsumoto (Ed.), Handbook of Culture and Psychology. (pp. 411-446). NY: Oxford University Press.

Ward, C., Leong, C., & Low, M. (2004). Personality and sojourner adjustment: An exploration of the big five and the cultural fit proposition. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 137-151.

Ward, C., & Kennedy, A. (1999). The measurement f sociocultural adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 23, 659-677.

Watson, D., Clark, L.A., & Tellegen, A. (1999). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 1063-1070.
Published
2011-08-15
How to Cite
Savicki, V. (2011). Relationship of Foreign Language Proficiency to Study Abroad Outcomes and Inputs. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 21(1), 63-85. https://doi.org/10.36366/frontiers.v21i1.304
Section
Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)